The sustainable development growth and conscious consumption have encourage several types of research related to the civil construction sector. This study aimed to analyze literature from the Web of Science base concerning the use of natural fibers in construction materials through bibliometric methodology using the VOSVIEWER software. Through bibliometric analysis and using the words “natural fibers” and “building materials” and restricting the period between 2010-2020 it was possible to obtain 101 publications. The bibliometric analysis allowed us to verify the growth of publications throughout the period: 28 keywords were found related to the theme, among them words related to material properties and fiber types. By analyzing the references found in the publications it was possible to highlight the 7 most cited studies, which have between 12 and 15 citations each. Analyzing the origin of the articles, we identified the four most significant countries, China (16), United States (14), Brazil (9) and India (9). It was noticed that the need of the studies changed along time, as new researches in the area appeared, besides understanding better the relation of the countries with the theme. The bibliometric analysis allow us to follow the scientific expansion of the theme and guide future studies.